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Research on Immunology
Title
Research on Immunology
Editor
iConcept Press
Price
USD$39.00
ISBN
978-1-922227-91-1
Clicks
11400

Chapter 8

Research on Immunology

Nanomedicine: Basics and Applications in Antimicrobial Resistance and Aids

by Feroz Alam, Mehar Aziz, Mohammed Naim and Murad Ahmed

Viewed: 2593

Abstract

Nanotechnology offers many potential benefits to medical applications including the early detection of cancers and cancer treatment, passive and active disease targeting, increased biocompatibility, and multifunctionality encompassing both imaging and therapeutic capabilities, allowing for simultaneous disease treatment and monitoring. Nanotechnology has utilized innovative approaches by employing the unique properties of nanomaterials in order to achieve detection of infectious agents, even in complex media like blood. Detection of pathogens, toxins, antigens and nucleic acids has been achieved with impressive detection thresholds. Additionally, as bacteria become resistant to antibiotics, nanotechnology has achieved the rapid determination of bacterial drug susceptibility and resistance using novel methods. Overall, these promising results hint to the adoption of nanotechnology-based diagnostics for the diagnosis of infectious diseases in diverse settings throughout the globe, preventing epidemics and safeguarding human and economic wellness. Nanotechnology can also impact the treatment and prevention of HIV/AIDS with various innovative approaches. Treatment options may be improved using nanotechnology platforms for delivery of antiretroviral drugs. Controlled and sustained release of the drugs could improve patient adherence to drug regimens, increasing treatment effectiveness. Targeted nanoparticles utilizing ligands have been used to target macrophages, major HIV viral reservoirs. In the future, targeted co-delivery of two or more antiviral drugs in a nanoparticle system could radically improve treatment of viral reservoirs.

Author Details

Feroz Alam
Department of Pathology, J.N Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, India
Mehar Aziz
Department of Pathology, J.N Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, India
Mohammed Naim
Department of Pathology, J.N Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, India
Murad Ahmed
Department of Pathology, J.N Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, India

Citation

Feroz Alam, Mehar Aziz, Mohammed Naim and Murad Ahmed. Nanomedicine: Basics and Applications in Antimicrobial Resistance and Aids. In Research on Immunology. ISBN:978-1-922227-91-1. iConcept Press. 2016.

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