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Research on Virology and Cytopathology
Title
Research on Virology and Cytopathology
Editor
iConcept Press
Price
USD$39.00
ISBN
978-1-922227-70-6
Clicks
12802

Chapter 9

Research on Virology and Cytopathology

The State of HIV Epidemic in Pakistan

by Syed Hani Abidi, Syed S. Ali, Muhammad A. Raees, Marcia Kalish, Sten H. Vermund and Syed Ali

Viewed: 1656

Abstract

In the last two decades, ‘concentrated epidemics’ of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have established in several high risk groups in Pakistan, including Injecting Drug Users (IDUs) and among men who have sex with men (MSM). Phylogenetic analysis of HIV gag gene sequences from Pakistan reveals a substantial degree of intermixing between the IDU and MSM populations, suggesting a bridging of HIV infection from IDUs, via MSM, to the MSM spouses and children. This indicates that HIV epidemic in Pakistan is now spreading to the low risk general population that includes female spouses and offspring of bisexual MSM. In this chapter we will discuss the past and current situation regarding the HIV epidemic in Pakistan. We will examine the phylogenetic evidence indicating the routes of HIV transmission, and the bridging of infection across various high risk groups, in Pakistan.

Author Details

Syed Hani Abidi
Department of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Aga Khan University, Pakistan
Syed S. Ali
Medical College, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
Muhammad A. Raees
Medical College, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
Marcia Kalish
Vanderbilt Institute of Global Health, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
Sten H. Vermund
Vanderbilt Institute of Global Health, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
Syed Ali
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Nazarbayev University School of Medicine, Astana, Kazakhstan

Citation

Syed Hani Abidi, Syed S. Ali, Muhammad A. Raees, Marcia Kalish, Sten H. Vermund and Syed Ali. The State of HIV Epidemic in Pakistan. In Research on Virology and Cytopathology. ISBN:978-1-922227-70-6. iConcept Press. 2016.

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