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iConcept Journal of Emerging Issues in Medical Diagnosis and Treatment
Title
iConcept Journal of Emerging Issues in Medical Diagnosis and Treatment
Editor
Eugenia Giannopoulou
ISSN
2309-3528
Publisher
iConcept Press

iConcept Journal of Emerging Issues in Medical Diagnosis and Treatment

Articular Cartilage Degeneration Etiologic Association with Obesity

by Bryce M. Fincham and Deryk Jones

Volume: 2 (2013); Issue: 5

Abstract

Obesity is a growing health problem in the United States reaching significant levels in our adolescent population as well as the middle-aged and elderly. As overall body mass indices increase weight plays a larger role in the development of osteoarthritis (OA) in the general public. The increase in weight causes musculoskeletal joint conditions which are among the most prevalent disease processes in the United States of America. In fact, these disease processes are second only to heart disease in causing significant disability affecting work status. Osteoarthritis, otherwise known as degenerative joint disease, is the most prevalent form of arthritis. This disease process represents a slowly evolving condition of cartilage and bone in arthrodial joints. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention predicted that by the year 2020, arthritis will gain more new patients than any other disease form in America. This chapter gives a brief description of the basic science behind OA and explains biomechanically and epidemiologically how overweight individuals increase their risk for this prevalent condition.

Author Details

Bryce M. Fincham
Orthopedic Sports Medicine, Ochsner Health Systems, USA, USA
Deryk Jones
Sports Medicine & Cartilage Restoration, Ochsner Health Systems, USA, USA

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